Canadian Citizenship

Canadian Citizenship

  • A permanent resident is someone who has been given permanent resident status by immigrating to Canada but is not a Canadian citizen. Permanent residents are citizens of other countries.
  • To apply for the Canadian Citizenship, you must have the Permanent Resident (PR) status in Canada and your PR status must not be in question. This means you must not:
    • be under review for immigration or fraud reasons
    • have certain unfulfilled conditions related to your PR status
    • be under a removal order (an order from Canadian officials to leave Canada)
  • An Applicant must have been physically present in Canada for at least 1095 days during the five years right before the date of application submission.
  • The time you spend outside of Canada doesn’t count toward your physical presence requirement, except in some cases. You may be able to use some of your time spent in Canada as a temporary resident or protected person.

Note: Each day spent physically in Canada as a temporary resident or protected person before becoming a permanent resident within the last 5 years will count as one half day, with a maximum of 365 days, towards your physical presence.

you must meet your personal income tax filing obligations in three tax years that are fully or partially within the five years right before the date you apply.

  • An applicant between the ages of 18 and 54 must meet the Canadian Language Benchmarks Level 4 (CLB 4) or higher in speaking and listening.
  • This means to become a Canadian citizen an applicant must show that they have an adequate knowledge of English or French by providing, with the citizenship application, proof that they can speak and listen in English or French at CLB/NCLC 4 level or higher.
  • An Applicant needs to take a test to meet the knowledge requirement for citizenship. They need to answer questions about Canada’s:
    • values
    • history
    • symbols
    • institutions
    • rights, responsibilities and privileges of citizenship, such as voting in elections and obeying the law

If an applicant has committed a crime in or outside Canada, he/she may not be eligible to become a Canadian citizen for a period. This includes if they:


are serving a sentence outside Canada


  • are serving a term of imprisonment, on parole or on probation in Canada
  • are charged with, on trial for, or involved in an appeal of an:
      indictable offence in Canada
  • offence outside Canada
  • have been convicted in the four years before applying for citizenship of an:
    • indictable offence in Canada
    • offence outside Canada


Note: Time spent serving a term of imprisonment, on parole, or on probation doesn’t count as time you have lived in Canada.

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