Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC)


The Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC) is one of the three programs running under the Express Entry system. The qualifying candidates may apply for permanent residence under the Express Entry selection system, by creating their profile and submitting an expression of interest to immigrate to Canada. Eligible candidates with a valid job offer or certification to work in certain occupations may apply under the FSTC. With no eligibility requirement to prove their level of education to enter the pool, the FSTC candidates may have lower CRS score than other Express Entry candidates.

To become eligible to apply under the Federal Skilled Trades Class must meet the following:

  • Language skills: The applicant must meet the Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) levels for each language ability. The minimum score of CLB is 5 for speaking and listening, and CLB 4 for reading and writing. The test results must be valid at the time application for permanent residence is initiated.


  • Work experience: The applicant must have 2 years of full-time or equal amount of part-time work experience in a skilled trade within the last 5 years from the date of application. Skilled trades for the Federal Skilled Trades Program are organized under these groups of the National Occupational Classification (NOC):
    • Major Group 72, industrial, electrical and construction trades
    • Major Group 73, maintenance and equipment operation trades
    • Major Group 82, supervisors and technical jobs in natural resources, agriculture and related production
    • Major Group 92, processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators
    • Minor Group 632, chefs and cooks
    • Minor Group 633, butchers and bakers

 The major NOC groups are sub categorized into various occupations and they come under the skill type B.

The applicant must show that his or her essential duties matches with the occupational description in the NOC used to apply the permanent residency.


  • Job requirements: The applicant must meet the job requirements for the skilled trade under which it is applying, as given in the National Occupational Classification. These requirements don’t apply in case where certificate of qualification is needed.


  • Valid Job Offer: The applicant must have a valid full- time job offer for a total period of at least 1 year or a certificate of qualification in that skilled trade issued by a Canadian provincial, territorial or federal authority. –


  • Under the Federal Skills Trades Worker program, there is no requirement for education in order to become eligible to apply for the permanent residence. However, the applicant can increase its CRS points by getting their education credentials assessed in two ways:


  1. Canadian education: If you went to school in Canada, you can get points for a certificate, diploma or degree from a Canadian:
    • secondary (high school) or
    • post-secondary school
  2. Foreign education: If you have foreign education, you can get points for:
    • a completed foreign credential, and
    • an Educational Credential Assessment report from an approved agency showing that your education is equal to a completed certificate, diploma or degree from a Canadian:
      • secondary (high school) or
      • post-secondary school

To apply under the Federal Skills Trades Worker program, the applicant will likely have to go to the province or territory to be assessed for your trade. The applicant may also need an employer in Canada to give some experience and training.

Each province has its own process of proving the certificate of qualification to work in that province or territory in a specific skilled trade. There are some trades which are federally-regulated. The applicant will have to check the process as per his or her case.

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