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Temporary Resident Visa (TRV) vs. Temporary Resident Permit (TRP): Know the Differences

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September 15, 2023

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Shreya Udani

Temporary Resident Visa (TRV) vs. Temporary Resident Permit (TRP): Know the Differences

The two most confusing types of temporary entry into the country are the Temporary Resident Permit (TRP) and the Temporary Resident Visa (TRV). These two visas serve different purposes and have their own sets of requirements, validity periods, and application procedures. In this article, we will explore the key differences between TRPs and TRVs to make sure you are choosing the right one. 

Temporary Resident Permit (TRP) 

The Temporary Resident Permit, or TRP, is a travel document designed to allow individuals who are otherwise inadmissible to Canada to visit the country temporarily. Here are some key details about TRPs: 

  • Eligibility: TRPs are available to anyone who is deemed inadmissible to Canada for various reasons. 
  • Ineligibility: You cannot apply for a TRP if your refugee claim is currently being processed, your refugee claim was denied in the last 12 months, or you are eligible for a Pre-Removal Risk Assessment (PRRA). 
  • Application Process: You can apply for a TRP in advance at a Canadian visa office in your home country or at a Point of Entry (e.g., a border crossing or airport). 
  • Required Documentation: To obtain a TRP, you need to demonstrate that your trip to Canada is necessary, that the benefits outweigh any risks of your entry, that you will leave Canada when your TRP expires, and that you will not work or study in Canada without authorization. Additionally, you must commit to following all Canadian laws while in the country. 
  • Validity Period: TRPs can be valid for a duration ranging from one day to up to three years, depending on the decision of the immigration authorities. 
  • Single or Multiple Entry: Whether you receive a single-entry or multiple-entry TRP depends on the immigration authorities’ discretion. 
  • Renewal: TRPs cannot be renewed; you must exit Canada and reapply for a new one. 
  • Cost: The application fee for a TRP is $200 CAD per person. 


Temporary Resident Visa (TRV) 

On the other hand, the Temporary Resident Visa, or TRV, is an official document placed in your passport to confirm that you meet the requirements to enter Canada as a temporary resident. Here’s what you need to know about TRVs: 


  • Eligibility: Anyone who is not a Canadian citizen or permanent resident generally requires a TRV to enter Canada, unless they have a visa exemption. 
  • Application Process: You must apply for a TRV before arriving in Canada; it cannot be obtained at a Point of Entry. 
  • Required Documentation: To obtain a TRV, you must demonstrate that you intend to leave Canada at the end of your stay, have sufficient funds to support yourself and your family members during your visit, will not work or study in Canada without authorization, will comply with Canadian laws, have no criminal record, and are in good health. 
  • Single or Multiple Entry: Similar to TRPs, whether you receive a single-entry or multiple-entry TRV depends on the immigration authorities’ discretion. 
  • Renewal: TRVs can be renewed if needed. 
  • Cost: The application fee for a TRV is $100 CAD per person. 


TRPs are designed for individuals who are inadmissible to Canada for various reasons, while TRVs are for temporary residents such as students, workers, and visitors who need to meet specific requirements. Each visa comes with its own application process, eligibility criteria, validity periods, and costs.  

SPS Canada is here to help by carefully considering your circumstances and needs and choosing the right option to ensure a smooth and enjoyable visit to the beautiful country of Canada. Feel free to contact SPS Canada for expert guidance and support tailored to your immigration journey. Visit our website at www.spscanada.com to learn more and get in touch today! Your Canadian dreams await, and we’re here to help make them a reality.    



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